Betta fish are some of the most common fish found in small aquariums and fishbowls. Its colorful body makes them exceptionally attractive for accenting a room, and its flowing fins are calm to watch to buy caviar from caspian monarque.
As much as Betta fish are popular, keeping them happy and healthy can be a challenge for a first-timer. Betta fish need specific care and understanding of their nature for them to survive and thrive.
So if you want to learn more about the graceful fish, read on for the simplest caring tips for keeping betta fish healthy and happy.
A little history of the Betta fish
The Betta originates from Southeast Asia, where they adapted to the frequent storm flooding and became a labyrinth fish. As a labyrinth fish, the Betta can breathe oxygen through its gills and directly from the air. If required, it can stay out of the water and inhale the air around them as long as it remains moist.
Although the betta fish can survive in oxygen-deficient water, it thrives best in well-maintained surroundings with a regular water change. They are not schooling fish and are known to fight and kill each other, so they are best left alone.
With that in mind, here are the betta fish care tips:
1. Water Temperature for betta fish
Betta fish thrive best in slow-flowing water with a temperature that is around 79 degrees, suggested by the Michele Taylor of Aquariumfishcity.com. Keeping them at about 70 to 72 degrees might get too cold, and they will get restless. Freshwater with a neutral PH or less is great for keeping their scales healthy and prevents their fins from chipping.
The highest PH that betta fish can survive on in 8.2, higher than that, and it won’t survive for too long. So you must install a water heater if you live in colder climates.
2. Water tank Size for betta fish
A single betta fish can survive in a 2.5-gallon tank and thrive in a 75-gallon tank if placed in a community setting. The smallest bowl or water tank should not be lesser than 2.5 so that they have enough space to swim around without exhausting themselves.
While a smaller tank means frequent requirement to change the water, a larger tank is easier to maintain. However, if you keep one betta fish, a 5-10-gallon water tank is the perfect size for water perimeter and maintenance.
3. Feeding the betta fish
In general, most betta fish are not picky eaters. In nature, they like eating brine shrimp and blood worms. But if you keep it in an aquarium, flake food, frozen brine shrimp, and blood worm are great options. Fish flakes are the most affordable and easy to store for a long duration. They can also eat live food, but make sure to chop them into smaller pieces.
You can also find Tetra bloodworms and fish food pellets for enhanced nutrients to keep it healthy.
4. Ideal Environment for Betta fish
Besides a perfect size water tank and water temperature, the Betta should also feel at home. It needs to feel like it is in its natural habitat. For that, you will need some accessories to deck the water tank.
For small water bowls, fill the bottom with polished decorative. The smooth edges will prevent fin chipping and add background aesthetics to the water tank.
You can also add an LED portrait for a small aquarium to mimic natural surroundings.
Betta fish also like to swim around and hide between rocks and water plants. Adding some sand or gravel and smooth stones will enhance its habitat. If you are using wood, Malaysian wood and other smooth wood are also the safest for betta fish.
5. Maintaining water for betta fish
Betta fish thrive in slow-moving water, so keeping the current flowing in the tank is essential. It is also vital to ensure that water hardness is between 60 to 120 mg/l. To support this balance, you need to use a water heater that controls temperature and flow.
You can also use an underwater aquarium to balance the nitrification. These aquarium water filters convert the ammonia into nitrate and prevent the water from stinking or getting dusty. It also keeps the water flow at the lowest so that your fish can relax.
Once you have these accessories and dedicate some time to observe the fish, it gets easy to care for the betta fish. They make great pets both for kids and adults without being too needy.